Diabetes affects millions of people around the world, and without proper treatment and care, it can be devastating to a person’s health. At Eastpointe Internists, P.C. practice in Warren, MI, Dr. Dominic Cusumano treats patients with state-of-the-art care for diabetes, helping them manage their disease and reduce the risks of developing other medical complications.
What is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?
Both types of diabetes cause blood sugar levels to rise to unhealthy levels, but the reasons are quite different. Type 1 is an autoimmune disorder that occurs when the body attacks its own pancreas with antibodies. In this case, the damaged pancreas doesn’t make insulin which is a hormone that plays an important role in regulating blood sugar in the body.
Type 2 diabetes is by far a much more common type of the condition, occurring in 95% of the adult cases. The pancreas usually produces some insulin, but either the amount produced is not enough for the body’s needs, or the body’s cells are resistant to it—also called insulin resistance. People who are obese — more than 20% over their ideal body weight for their height — are at particularly high risk of developing type 2 diabetes and its related medical problems.
What kinds of medical issues are associated with diabetes?
Serious medical issues such as kidney failure, vision loss, nerve damage, and cardiovascular problems can arise if diabetes is not treated properly. Diabetics often experience problems with wound healing and have a compromised immune system due to the condition.
How is diabetes treated?
In order to effectively treat and manage diabetes, blood sugar must be monitored throughout the day to keep glucose levels within normal ranges. Lifestyle and dietary changes will help to control the amount of sugars and carbohydrates ingested, and adding daily activity can help manage the disease.
What is diabetic retinopathy?
Diabetic retinopathy is a diabetes complication that affects the eyes in patients with diabetes. It’s caused by damage to the blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye (retina). At first, diabetic retinopathy may cause no symptoms or only mild vision problems. Eventually, it can cause blindness. The condition can develop in anyone who has type 1 or type 2 diabetes. The longer you have diabetes and the less controlled your blood sugar is, the more likely you are to develop this eye complication.
Eastpointe Internists, P.C.
Make an appointment with our primary care physicians today, we are conveniently located in Warren, MI.
At Eastpointe Internists, P.C., we accept most major insurance plans. Please contact our office if you do not see your insurance provider listed or for insurance related questions.
A partial list of supported insurances
Aetna, BCBS, BCN, Cigna, Cofinity, HAP (Health Alliance Plan), Humana, Medicare, Meridian Health Plan, Priority Health, Total Health Care, United Healthcare