High Blood Pressure

High Blood Pressure Specialist
High blood pressure increases the risks for heart disease, heart attack, stroke and dementia, but treatment is available. As a leading physician in Warren, MI, Dr. Dominic Cusumano works one-on-one with patients to help them understand the risks of hypertension and to get the treatment they need to stay healthy.

High Blood Pressure

Eastpointe Internists, P.C.


What is high blood pressure?

Blood pressure refers to the amount of force needed to circulate the blood through the blood vessels. In people with high blood pressure, more force than “normal” is required to keep blood flowing, and the additional pressure can cause damage to the vessel walls and organs including the heart, kidneys and brain. Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg), and each measurement includes two numbers – the first or top number represents the pressure exerted while the heart is beating while the second or lower number reflects the pressure exerted inside the vessels when the heart rests between beats. Pressures exceeding 120/80 mm Hg are considered to be high or above normal in most people.


What causes high blood pressure?

Many factors can cause or contribute to high blood pressure (also called hypertension). One of the most common causes is a condition called atherosclerosis that occurs when sticky cholesterol builds up inside the vessels, forming plaques that cling to vessel walls. Over time, these plaques can grow larger, inhibiting the flow of blood so more pressure is required to keep blood moving. High blood pressure is also more common among people who:

  • are older
  • are obese
  • smoke
  • eat a diet high in sodium and “bad” fats
  • drink excessively
  • have some underlying diseases like diabetes and cardiovascular disease


What kinds of medical problems are associated with high blood pressure?

Without proper treatment, high blood pressure increases the risks of heart disease, heart attack, stroke, kidney damage and cognitive issues like Alzheimer's disease. People with hypertension and those with risk factors for high blood pressure should have frequent screenings to ensure their blood pressure remains within normal ranges.


How is high blood pressure treated?

High blood pressure treatment typically involves taking medication to keep blood pressure under control combined with lifestyle changes like losing excess weight, quitting smoking, being more physically active and eating a healthier diet with more fiber and less sodium. Routine screenings ensure treatment remains optimized for each patient's needs.

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