High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure increases the risks for not only heart disease, but also heart attack, stroke and dementia. Treatment is available and as a leading physician in Warren, MI, Dr. Dominic Cusumano works one-on-one with patients to help them understand the risks of hypertension.
High Blood Pressure
What is high blood pressure?
Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against blood vessel walls and it is measured in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). High blood pressure (HBP) means the pressure in your arteries is higher than it should be, also called hypertension. Blood pressure is written as two numbers, such as 112/78 mm Hg. The top, systolic, number is the pressure when the heart beats. The bottom, diastolic, number is the pressure when the heart rests between beats. Normal blood pressure is below 120/80 mm Hg. Pressures exceeding 120/80 mm Hg are considered to be high or above normal in most people.
What causes high blood pressure?
The exact causes of high blood pressure are not known, but several factors may play a role, including:
- Being overweight or obese
- Lack of physical activity
- Too much salt in the diet
- Too much alcohol consumption (more than 1 to 2 drinks per day)
- Older age
- Family history of high blood pressure
- Chronic kidney disease
- Adrenal and thyroid disorders
- Sleep apnea
What kinds of medical problems are associated with high blood pressure?
High blood pressure (hypertension) can quietly damage a person’s body for years before symptoms develop. It increases the risks of heart disease, heart attack, stroke, kidney damage and cognitive issues like Alzheimer’s disease. Roughly half the people with untreated hypertension die of heart disease related to poor blood flow (ischemic heart disease) and another third die of stroke. People with hypertension and risk factors for high blood pressure should have frequent screenings to ensure their blood pressure remains within normal ranges. Treatment and lifestyle changes can help control your high blood pressure to reduce your risk of life-threatening complications.
How is high blood pressure treated?
Treatment for high blood pressure may include taking medication in combination with positive lifestyle changes such as losing weight, quitting smoking. One should become more active and eat healthier and cut down on sodium.
Eastpointe Internists, P.C.
Make an appointment with our primary care physicians today, we are conveniently located in Warren, MI.
At Eastpointe Internists, P.C., we accept most major insurance plans. Please contact our office if you do not see your insurance provider listed or for insurance related questions.
A partial list of supported insurances
Aetna, BCBS, BCN, Cigna, Cofinity, HAP (Health Alliance Plan), Humana, Medicare, Meridian Health Plan, Priority Health, Total Health Care, United Healthcare