Skin disorders and diseases can cause many different symptoms depending on the condition that's present. Some common symptoms include redness, rash, hives, itching, oozing and crusting. Symptoms can be chronic, occurring over and over again (as with acne and psoriasis), while acute conditions like allergic reactions may occur intermittently.
Acne is the most common skin disease, affecting millions of people worldwide and taking both a physical and emotional toll. The disease occurs when hair follicles become blocked, trapping oils in the warm layers of skin where they provide a ready food source for bacteria. As these bacteria multiply, the body responds by sending white blood cells to battle the infection. Pimples and pustules are caused when pus and other debris collect inside the follicle. Acne requires ongoing management to keep it under control.
Eczema is a non-contagious skin disease that causes red, flaky, itchy patches of skin to form, usually on each side of the body (for instance, both elbows). Eczema often occurs during childhood and resolves during early adulthood, but many patients experience symptoms throughout their lives. Although the cause isn't known, researchers believe it may be caused by a dysfunctional immune system response.
Psoriasis is a chronic skin disorder that develops when the skin replacement cycle is sped up, forcing extra skin cells to the surface where they build up and form patchy areas called plaques. Like acne, psoriasis requires ongoing care to keep it under control.
That depends on what condition is occurring. Most acute skin conditions can be managed with topical preparations or oral medications while more chronic conditions may require changes in habits, like using special moisturizers or taking shorter showers to keep skin healthy. Some conditions like acne and psoriasis may require both oral and topical medicines that change over time as the disease and the patient's needs evolve. Ongoing care is the best way to manage chronic skin conditions to prevent breakouts and flareups.
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